World Music Library – Music of Myanmar (King Records)

World Music Library – Music of Myanmar (King Records)

Located on the western edge of southeast Asia, Myanmar has developed its own unique culture under the powerful influence of Thailand, China, and India. This disc presents an anthology of Myanmar’s diverse music, from the quiet chamber music to the lively outdoor ensemble

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Tracklist

01. Weizayanda – U Myint Maung
02. Zatiana Sakyaweila – U Myint Maung/Mu Mu Thein
03. Song Of The Rain – U Myint Maung/Mu Mu Thein
04. Music Of The Than-Pattala – U Soe Hlaing
05. Music Of The Donmin – Taung-tan Maung Kyan
06. Improvisation On The Palwel – Taung-tan Maung Kyan
07. Madalin Solo – Taung-tan Maung Kyan
08. Beinbaung – Hsaing Waing Ensemble
09. Nanbon Thiha Bwei – Mu Mu Thei
10. Athet-Ke Shi-Sei Lo – Hsaing Waing Ensemble
11. Weizayanda 2 – Mu Mu Thein

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Traditional music of Burma (Myanmar)

Burmese music is closely connected with dance and theater. Its origins go back to the oldest religious rituals, which were accompanied by dancing and music. Long before the establishment of Buddhism in Burma (Myanmar), the pagan cult of natas (spirits) was spread, with which a ritual rite was associated, including dances and recitation accompanied by musical instruments.

Myanmar’s music reached a high level in the era of the Pagan state (11-13 centuries). On the wall drawings in the temples images of the dance scenes were preserved. The inscriptions indicate that musicians and dancers were indispensable participants in various celebrations and ceremonies. Music and dances existed at that time as independent art forms.

In 1538 a popular form of Burmese orchestra appeared – the Sain. It included folk instruments: patvine, or patsine (circular drum – vertically suspended to hoop 21 drum, they are located at the height of the sound), cavevine (circular gong – 18 gongs on which are played with wooden sticks), henna (bamboo oboe), linkin and croquin (large and small cymbals), a large family of different drums, bells, ratchets, tan, pattala (xylophone; there are 3 kinds of pattala: wa, tan, whose), etc.

Saunas (harp) with 13, 14 or 16 string of twisted silk – one of the most ancient national instruments. Famous masters of the game in the sauna in the 19th century. Wu Maun Ji and his disciple Wu Maun Lat had.

A great place was occupied by music in Burmese theater performances, which included musical and song-and-dance interludes.

In the ancient palace theater, the orchestra, located behind the actors, performed a musical introduction before each stage (during the stage action the orchestra was rarely used). The music in the play is strictly regulated: it is precisely known which part of the orchestra (consisting of 3 to 10 musicians) must accompany the recitative, this or that dance; a sequence of musical accompaniment of scenes is established.

In the middle of the 18th century under the influence of Siamese culture there was a new school that absorbed the traditions of Burmese musical art and enriched with the achievements of Siamese culture. In the 18-19 centuries. a great contribution to the musical culture of Myanmar was made by the poet-composer Miawadi Mingi U Sa, Padeytazyaz, the poetess composers Hlinthey Khane Tin and Ma Ma Le. There are several types of classical songs, including chow, pat poo, bw, youdauaya, bole.

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