World Music Library – Music of North-East Thailand (King Records)
It is a sample of instrumental music in small orchestras. Records were made in 1991 during the meeting of the International Music Library of various peoples. In the collection you can hear almost all popular folk musical instruments of Thailand. The two most popular directions of traditional Thai music are lac-tung and mor-lam; the latter direction is in a special close relationship with Lao music.
In addition to the Thay people, the small nationalities of Lao, Aqha, Mien, Fox, Karen and Lahu adhere to traditional musical forms. Thai music was part of the oral tradition, and for her there was not developed a traditional recording system. As a single, unique system, Thai music exists, probably not more than 600 years.
The classical or Bangkok period, which began in 1782, can be considered “the culmination of the development of music, which probably began, as far as can be ascertained from references, in the 14th and 15th centuries. with the heyday of the capital Ayutaya “(ibid.) in 1350.
Music flourished for the next few centuries, despite periodic harassment by such rulers as Rama I, and the fire in Ayutai in 1767, in which art collections and libraries died. The result of this fire was the loss of most of the information needed to reconstruct the history of Thai music prior to the Bangkok period.
1. Soeng Isan
2. Phu Tom Tok
3. Phu Thai Sam Phao
4. Sang Sinchai
5. Lam Sithandon
6. Toei Hua Non Tan
7. Lam Phloen
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Traditional music Thailand
Since ancient times in Thailand, every religious rite, village festival, wedding, birth of a child, etc. are accompanied by singing and music. For Thai music, there is no halftone. Musical pieces usually have a simple rhythm (with small variations), performed more often at a fast pace. The main melody musicians learn by ear and diversify it during improvisation. In the orchestra there is no conductor, he is replaced by a performer on small cymbals – chinga.
Various instruments are used, percussion instruments predominate. One of the most ancient instruments – the pinay reminds Scottish bagpipes. Of the strings, the violin genre is widespread – the sau sa sai itself (from coconut shell with an ivory neck and three silk strings), takaou, like a big guitar, is played mostly by women.
The orchestra usually consists of an Indian tympanum, called a thion in Thailand, and two Chinese drums – the clone of the tad. Small ensembles are popular (16 gongs, suspended on a round frame – gong vong yai, xylophone – ranadek, in the form of a river boat). Large orchestras include strings: sa sai sai (one of the famous masters of the game on this instrument was King Rama II – early 19th century), Chinese violins sau duang and sao, the sad sounds of which Thais like to listen to in solo performance.
In the late 19th century European musical instruments began to penetrate, and with them European music. The composers of Thailand strive to master the techniques of European musical techniques. In Bangkok and other major cities there are European orchestras.
Folk, dispensing with the usual halftones, may sound too harsh. The classical orchestra Phip-Hut, created for musical accompaniment of court theatrical and dance performances, performs melodies on wooden wind instruments, strings, created on the model of Chinese, drums, gongs and peculiar xylophones.
The soul of the people finds expression in malls – complex recitatives, usually accompanied by one or two instruments. Their modern version is a bow tung, performed by a large orchestra and invariably evoking an ovation.